Phto of Daniel Stoljar (ANU)

Abstract

Several philosophers have suggested that there is a deep connection between consciousness and rationality—but what exactly is the connection and how should it be explained?  This paper focuses on the idea that it is a requirement of rationality that if you are in a conscious state, you will believe that you are, at least in certain circumstances. An introspective belief, from this point of view, is a belief of this type formed in this particular way; and introspective knowledge is an introspective belief that constitutes knowledge.  After setting out the motivations for this idea, I focus on various questions about the suggested requirement: what its precise form should be, and whether it can be derived from other requirements of rationality.