Abstract: In this paper, I am revisiting some positions in the debate about intentional agency, taking as a point of departure the exchange between Searle and Dreyfus. I argue that the two ask different questions in defining failure or success of agents, namely ‚What is a successful action?’ (Searle) vs. ‚What is mastery?’ (Dreyfus). It follows that as the positions do not directly compare, not only do they not exclude one another, but they can even be synthesized. I claim that they both need to be addressed and accounted for by an adequate theory of agency. Such a more comprehensive picture of agency can give us a better understanding of the role of self-consciousness for the agent, as well as the type of narrative realism suitable for our understanding of agency.