lisa.hecht@philosophy.su.se

Ethics of war and self-defence, Rights

I received my PhD in Philosophy from Stockholm University in March 2019. Before coming to Stockholm, I studied  at the University of Oxford and at the University of Essex where I obtained an MPhil in Political Theory and a BA in Politics, respectively. In 2016 I spent three months as a visiting student at Stellenbosch University, South Africa. In 2018 I spent the spring semester at Princeton University.

My doctoral thesis is on Victims of War. It explores the moral status of different types of agents who suffer harm and seeks to determine whether these agents are victims of wrongful harm, that is, whether they had a right not to suffer harm. Since a victim has certain claims on others – including claims to aid or compensation, to the punishment of the victimizer, or to an apology – it is important to establish who counts as a victim and how victims’ claims compare in strength. The thesis considers the moral status of accomplices, risk-takers and provocateurs, and explores the extent to which these agents might lack rights against harm. It also considers the comparative status of innocent victims of unjustified harm and innocent victims of justified harm. The focus is on these types of agents because their victimhood is challenged by recent arguments in the literature. The thesis shows that some of these arguments unjustifiably weaken or deny a sufferer’s victimhood and her concomitant rights.

Beyond my own research topic I am interested in the ethics of war more generally and in a wide range of topics in political philosophy, ethics and some issues in legal philosophy.