The distributive condition is to the effect that a predicate applies to all the parts of whatever it applies to. Aristotle held that chemical substances satisfy this condition, but Quine has suggested this is no longer tenable given the acceptance of atomism and proposed an alternative cumulative condition. However, this view is not as straight- forward as it seems once the relational character of substance and related predicates is taken into account. In this context it is interesting to reconsider the issue, questioning the tenability of the objection and also considering a possible limitation on the range of the quantification over parts.